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Patan Durbar Square & Boudhanath Stupa are among the seven cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites situated in the valley. These two monuments are the living cultural prides of the country.

The colossal and ancient stupa Boudhanath, built by Licchavi King Man Dev in the 5th century A. D. , is regarded as one of the world’s biggest stupa and has been built on a stepped octagonal base decorated with alcoves representing Buddha and his teachings. The stupa is surrounded by various temples or 'gompas' and filled with fragrance of incense and chanting of monks. It is one of the prime Buddhist pilgrimage site in the country.

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One of the valley’s three medieval kingdoms, Patan is also known as Lalitpur or the “City of Artisans’. Locals living in Patan also refer to the ancient city as Yala. History has it that Patan was founded in the 3rd century by the Kirat dynasty and later was modeled into perfection by Lichhavis in the sixth century followed by Malla dynasty. This city presents a potpourri of finest traditional crafts and rich artistic heritage. Patan Durbar Square, Mahaboudha Temple, Kumbeshwor temple, Krishna Temple, Golden Temple or Hiranya Varna Mahavihar, Mulchowk, Jagat Narayan Temple, Big Bell, Pillar of Yognarendra Malla, Hari Shanker temple, Vishwanath temple, Bhimsen temple, Marga Hiti, Mani Mandap, Café Pagoda, Rato Machhendra Temple, Minnath, Rudra Varna Mahavihar etc are the major attractions of Patan.

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Two Ancient Choks at Hanumandhoka Durbar to be opened for public from 1st January 2012

Good news for history & archeology buffs as well as those who love stepping into ancient monuments – the Hanumandhoka Durbar Museum Development Committee has decided to open two ancient courtyards, Mohankali Chok and Sundari Chok, at the Hanumandhoka Durbar for public viewing from 1st January, 2012. Built within the compound of the Hanumandhoka palace by King Pratap Malla in the 17th century, these two courtyards had been out of bounds for the general public. But now the Hanumandhoka Durbar Museum Development Committee, the Kathmandu Metropolitan City and the Nepal Pavilion Company (bodies responsible for the upkeep of the world heritage site) have decided to open the two ancient courtyards so that the people can enjoy and take pride in the architectural grandeur of the two ancient courtyards.

Lord Shiva & Goddess Parvati at Basantapur Durbar Square


The images of a couple resting on a window rail looking out over the passing scene.

You may find these statues looking out from the first floor window of an ancient house at Basantapur Durbar Square (UNESCO World Heritage Site). The couple is none other than the divine couple Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati. In bygone days denizens of the valley believed that Hindu God of Dance, Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Parvati visited Kathmandu to see the divine dances performed during the festivals. King Rana Bahadur Shah, the third ruler of greater Nepal,  had this house built for the divine couple. The house, which is elaborately decorated, lies on a raised plinth which has a grandstand view of the Basantapur Durbar Square. The images of Shiva and Parvati rest on a window rail looking out over the passing scene.

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