Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek- North & South

Arrival City


Departure City


Lodging level

Accommodation: Hotel & Lodge (Tea House)


3 Course Meals

Trip Grade

Moderate to fairly Challenging

Maximun Altitude



Opportunity to understand their unique culture and lifestyle

One of the extraordinary Himalayan trails, which covers the beauty of eastern part of Nepal


Trekking and Sightseeing


Challenging trek on rarely trodden trails to the foothill of Himalayan giant, Kanchenjunga!

 Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek- North and South is one of the extraordinary Himalayan trails, which covers the beauty of eastern part of Nepal. This adventure offers you off the beaten trek experience with scenic trails. The trail passes through lush meadows and forests, past stunning grand glaciers, and is surrounded by breath taking imposing mountain peaks such as Mt. Kanchenjunga (8,586m), the third tallest mountain in the world. The Kanchenjunga trek offers the stunning panoramic view of the massive mountain peaks such as Everest (8848m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8481m), Kanchenjunga (8586m), and many others. This region is inhabited by a mixed community of Limbu, Rai and Sherpa providing an opportunity to understand their unique culture and lifestyle.


You will be greeted by a panoramic view of snow-capped mountain peaks sprawling down below once you fly in the sky of Kathmandu. A representative and driver from our office will meet you at the airport and escort you to your hotel. The representative will help you check into your designated hotel. At the hotel you will be briefed about your trip activities.

Kathmandu is the historical and cultural heart of Nepal and has been a popular destination for tourists ever since Nepal opened its doors to visitors. The city presents a wonderful mix of Hinduism, Tibetan Buddhism and Western influence. There will be a guided tour to UNESCO World Heritage Sites namely Boudhanath- the largest Buddhist Stupa in Nepal, Pashupatinath- the most popular Hindu shrine dedicated to Lord Shiva and Patan or Lalitpur (the City of Artisans), which is 5km away from Kathmandu. At Patan Durbar Square, you will delight in the architectural wonders of Malla era. Mahaboudha Temple, Kumbeshwor Temple, Krishna Temple and Golden Temple are the major attractions at the square.

From Kathmandu you take a flight to lower land of Nepal, Bhadrapur and drive to Ilam, the heart of the tea plantation area of Nepal and stay overnight at Ilam.

After having a healthy breakfast, you drive towards Mithlung via Taplejung. Mithlung is your Kanchenjunga Base Camp trek starting point. On the way you can see many beautiful natural scenarios and landscape from the window of the vehicle.

Today your trek begins and for next three weeks you will be wandering in the place dominated by beauty and wilderness of Eastern Nepal. You head to Chiruwa with your trekking crew. The trek is mainly downhill but you can relax at some points and continue on the trail.

Leaving Chirwa, you head to Sekathum. Following the trial along the Tamur Khola you come across many small tributary streams. At one point you get to witness the most magnificent view the two rivers Simbua Khola and Gunsa Khola uniting into Tamur Khola. Continuing on the beautiful trail you reach Sekathum.

Today the trek takes you through the waterfalls and suspension bridge to reach the first Sherpa village on this trek, Amjilossa. It is the village with very few families living there permanently as the place is used when the yaks and sheep are in the pastures.

Living the village of Amjjilossa behind the trail leads through the forest of pine, bamboo, rhododendron and oak where you walk in peace while listening to the beautiful chirping of the birds and also see the varieties of birdlife. The villages are more Tibetan like as you move forward. Destination for today is Gyabla.

As you follow the trail, you pass through forest and Phale village which is a winter settlement village. It used to be Tibetan refugee camp in earlier times. The trail further leads us to the resting place for the day, Ghunsa. It is the largest village in the area which has a police station Kanchenjunga Conservation Area Office and health post. Communication facilities are also available in the area like telephone and internet.

As you go along the trek, the altitude increases gradually so you must acclimatize yourself to prevent the altitude sickness. So, today is a rest day at Ghunsa where you can rest or explore the surrounding area.

The trail ascends gently through beautiful pine and rhododendron forests, passing many mani walls and chortens. You stop for lunch by the river at Rampak Kharka. After lunch there is a steep climb before descending to the summer village of Khambachen. The views of Mt Jannu or Kumbhakarna from here are excellent.

Again, you take a rest day at Khambachen to acclimatize your bodies to the altitude and prepare yourself for the next day trek. Today you can also climb the ridge to see the mesmerizing view of Kanchenjunga.

The trek up to Lhonak via Ramtang village is not too strenuous and despite the increase in altitude, you are able to walk on easily, enjoying the breathtaking views of the valley and mountain peaks. Your lunch stop is at Ramtang, from where the incredible summit of Wedge Peak first becomes visible. During the afternoon Nepal Peak, the Twins, Mera and the White Wave all come into view. Then you arrive at Lhonak, situated high above the Kanchenjunga Glacier opposite Wedge Peak.

A leisurely 3 hours walk from Lhonak takes you up to Pang Pema. The trail follows the moraine before finally reaching Pang Pema, the North Face Base Camp, which is in a sheltered spot, directly opposite the towering north face of Kanchenjunga. This is one of the most spectacular places in the world and is a fitting climax to this unique trek.

Today is a rest day, but for the more energetic ones, there are several diversions lined up for the day. One is to ascend the lower slopes of Drohmo for panoramic views of Kanchenjunga and its adjoining peaks. Another possibility is to continue up the increasingly difficult terrain on the right flank of the glaciers for alternative views of the more remote peaks around the Jongsang La Pass.

Retracing the same route you trek back to Khambachen from Pang Pema.

Enjoying the beautiful vistas, you trace your way back to Ghunsa from Khambanchen.

From Ghunsa the path takes you through forest and the grassy ridge to reach Sele La camp. You can see a spectacular view of Gunsa, Phole village and Mt. Makalu from the ridge.

Starting your trek early in the morning you cross the Sele La pass and trek along the ridge to Sinelapche La pass from where you can get the magnificent view of the Mt. Kanchenjunga and its valley. The trail descends leading us to Cheram, the only settlement in this route.

Today the trek is in the complete wilderness as you can’t find any settlement on the trail. You trek to Ramche and rest for the day.

Kanchenjunga South Base Campis at a short distance from Ramche. So you hike there from Ramche and return back. The base camp is on the edge of the glacier and surrounded by Buddhist prayer flags.

Today you trace your trek back to Cheram and trek to Tortung, a small village with few tea houses. The trail goes down and up the hill through gorge, forest and area prone to landslides.

After having breakfast, you continue on the trail which goes downhill and steep and long uphill. Then pass over landslide prone area leads you to Yamphudin through steep downhill forest. You stay overnight at Yamphudin. Yamphudin is the most remote settlement in this area.

The trek today is quite relaxing as you can stop to bathe in one of the many clear pools in the Kabeli Khola and walk along the trail. The trail takes you to the stream beds that make up the valley side. You cross the ridges followed by an easy descent to Mamanke.

Leaving behind the village of Mamanke, following the trail you cross the suspension bridge and walk in terraced field along the Khangwa Khola. You can see the fascinating sight of Mt Jannu, several hamlets and terraced fields stretched along the crest of the ridge while passing through Anpan village to reach Ponpedhara. The trail leads you to Loppoding then crossing through the dense forest you trudge along the glaciated mountain passes. After crossing the Nandeva Khola you reach the terraced fields of Kesuwa

Today, you can capture the mesmerizing sight of Kanchenjunga glowing against the sun and walking further along the trail you cross Bhanjyang, Tambawa. Continuing on the route you pass through small villages located on a hill and dense forests. Moving ahead the route leads to Kunjari and fascinating terraced farmland. After crossing the suspension bridge over Phawa Khola, you reach LaliKharka where we conclude the day’s trip.

As you leave Lali Kharka, you continue along the trail to reach Taplejung village where you can wander around the village getting familiar with village life, cultural richness, custom and village people. Thereafter, 5 hours of drive will bring you to Ilam where your Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek concludes officially.

driving from Ilam, you will be brought to Bhadrapur and then you take a flight to Kathmandu. Transfer to the hotel upon arrival.

This is a contingency day in case of Bhadrapur flight delays. If you have free time, you can let go the strains of your trip. You can explore around the Heritage sites in the city, stroll down the streets of Thamel for local cultural experience, visit nearby monasteries, relax at a nearby spa centers or do some souvenir haunting in the local bazaar.

Our Nepali support team will take you to the airport for your flight home. Or if you prefer to stay longer you can go for short tours such as game drive at National parks, rafting, Tibet tours, mountain biking, etc.- ask us.

General Information

TRIP GRADE – Strenuous Trek

This is a long Kanchenjunga trek that goes far beyond the normal haunts of trekkers and tourists, to remote areas of the country where the landscapes are wild and untamed, and the local inhabitants have seen little change in their way of life for centuries- untouched corners of an increasingly crowded planet. It is physically challenging, likely to include unfavorable weather conditions and strenuous activities, such as, climbing/ scrambling across high passes.



Trekking in Nepalis categorized in three different types based on their way of organization (Camping Trek, Tea House Trek and GAP Trek). Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek is organized in two ways (Tea House Trek and GAP Trek) due to the abundance of accommodation facilities available in the region.

  1. Tea House Trek: This trek includes services like guide, food, accommodation in local Tea Houses and porters.
  2. GAP Trek: This trek includes services like Guide (G), Accommodation (A) in the Tea Houses, and Porters (P). Food bills are to be paid directly by the client.



You will find clean and friendly lodges along the trail of Kanchenjunga trek. You often have to share rooms but you can also stay in single rooms where possible. Rooms are basic, normally just a bed with a pillow and blankets. A few have electric blanket, hot bags (luxury lodges) and all have a spacious dining room-lounge. We will accommodate you and your group in a comfortable local lodge each day. The Guide coordinates with the local lodge owners to book the required rooms for the group (rooms cannot always be booked in advance). Please remember that some of them are very basic and a sense of adventure is necessary.
In Kathmandu, we have a pool of hotels under 3 Star categories which we provide to clients in connection to this itinerary, unless it is mentioned otherwise, or clients have a special choice.



LODGE TREK: Meals are included in our price and are taken in lodges available along the trail. You can find a considerable variety of Nepali (rice, curry & lentil, momo, noodles, chapatis etc.) and Western food (pizza, pasta, sandwich, chips, porridge, toast, pancake, soup etc.) as well as drinks (coffee, tea, milk, soft drinks, and beer). The Guide suggests you the best option as per the availability.

GAP Trek: You will have to make your own eating arrangements in the lodges available along the trail. Expect to spend around $25-$30 a day for food. Guide, accommodation and porters are covered in the price.



On GAP trek and Lodge trek, you will be provided filtered water about 3-4 liters per person per day. The good thing about such water is it doesn’t smell chlorine. We normally use Sawyer Filters. However, you can also buy bottled water in tea houses. You can also bring water purification pills in case you want to drink water from local taps.



Money requirement depends largely on type of trek style, duration and trekking region.
For a two-week Kanchenjunga trek, you can take about $200-$300, more if you intend to get more table drinks (alcoholic/non-alcoholic beverages), snacks while walking (a few smaller shops are available along the trail in some areas), souvenirs, battery charge, internet, hot shower (available in some places) etc. If you are on ‘GAP’ trek style you need to pay for all your meals. Approximately $25- $30 a day should be enough to cover your meals. We pay for your accommodation at mountain hut (tea house) along the trail and bear all the expenses of staffs assigned by us, plus extra bar bills, snacks, hot shower, battery charge, internet etc.



You can change money at a bank or the money exchange counter in city like Kathmandu. Many Tourist class Hotels have money exchange facilities. These days, there is availability of ATMs in Kathmandu.



Tips are appreciated by your support team after the completion of your trekking in Nepal. The amount depends on your budget and appreciation of their work. As a suggestion, we advise that you can allocate 5- 10 % of the total tour cost as tips. It is recommended that you talk to the members and hand it over individually as per the hierarchy on the last day of the trek.



If you opt to join our ‘fixed departure trip’, you are likely to be joining people from different countries of any age group except minors. The size of group varies, minimum no of persons required to operate a trip is 2 pax and the maximum is 15 people. For a Private Booking, any number size from 1 pax to 20 pax is acceptable and can be comfortably organized. We go for special planning for handling group size bigger than 20 pax.



We provide different options concerning leadership in order to match your requirements:

1) Western leader

2) Trained Nepali Trek leader (experienced and knowledgeable)

3) Sherpa Guide (handles the logistics and guides you and your team on the trek)

The Sherpa guide (commonly called Sirdar) will be accompanied by a crew of porters. We provide 1 porter for 2 members.



For using internet during Kanchenjunga trekking, Wifi service is available in lower altitudes. You can also use Ncell and NTC network (both for internet and mobile network) but they don’t work properly in some places as you go higher. If it is crucial for you to keep in contact with your family or others, we can provide you a mobile satellite phone (rental charge on request).



First you get transferred from Kathmandu to Bhadrapur by flight and then you drive from Bhadrapur to Mithlung via Ilam. The starting point of the Kanchenjunga Base camp trek is Mithlung. On your return, our car/bus shall pick you from Taplejung to Ilam, from where you will continue to Bhadrapur to catch a flight to Kathmandu. We will arrange the transportation from your hotel to the airport (Kathmandu).

Note: There is a high probability of cancellation of domestic flights in remote sectors due to bad weather conditions. Hence, we advise you to keep at least one or more day extra in Kathmandu before your flight home.



During the Kanchenjunga trekking, your main luggage will be carried by porter. Please keep your luggage as light as possible around 12 to 15 kgs for flight safety and porter welfare as per IPPG standard. You simply carry a day pack with water bottle, camera, sun-screen, spare jacket etc. You can leave your valuable items at your hotel in Kathmandu while trekking. Many hotels have a locker system and provide a deposit slip for the valuables kept under the hotel’s safekeeping.



Lodge/ Tea House Trek, GAP Trek

A typical day while trekking in Nepal consists of about 7-8 hours of activity. Each morning after packing our bags and having a good breakfast, we set off on the day’s walk. After walking for 3-4 hours we stop for lunch at around midday. The afternoon’s walk is generally shorter and we usually arrive at our destination in time for afternoon tea. The remainder of the afternoon can be spent exploring the village, doing a bit of washing or simply relaxing with a good book. On some days, we will arrive at our destination by lunchtime and the entire afternoon will be free. After dinner, the evening will often be spent playing cards and reliving the day’s adventures, before heading off to bed for a well-earned sleep.



You will need walking boots, sleeping bag (4 seasons/ -20C rated), waterproof jacket and trousers, fleece jacket, warm hat and gloves, sunglasses, water bottle, sun-screen and day pack. Comprehensive list of equipment will be provided once you book your trip. It’s not necessary to spend a lot of money buying extra equipment and clothing before your trip. Majority of these gears can be bought or hired at reasonable rates in Kathmandu.



There are numerous suppliers of trekking gears in Kathmandu supplying genuine branded items or imitations depending on your choice and price. You can get anything from down jackets and sleeping bags to socks or thermal wears that you need for your trek. They might not be the best but good enough for the trek considering the price.



Security of our clients is our foremost priority. All our guides are licensed by Nepal Government. Our guides and support crew are carefully chosen for your trips. They will ensure your safety and security throughout your trip. During your trek, you will be sleeping in local teahouses. You have to take precautions yourself at all times. Never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.



 You need to pass on your international flight details to us for a “meeting and greeting” service at airport. You just pass the customs desk and come out of the terminal building where you will see someone standing with a placard with either ‘Explore Himalaya’ or your name written on it. Our airport representative or tour officer will greet you and welcome you with a garland.



We ensure liability as indicated in itinerary and list of services. If the holiday is cut short or completed earlier than the projected period upon client’s wish, we shall not be responsible or make refund against unutilized days or services. Clients need to pay for hotels/services incurred in Kathmandu or elsewhere in such cases.



The best seasons for trekking in Nepal are Autumn (from mid-September till November end), and Spring (from the beginning of March until mid-May). Temperatures will drop considerably as you trek higher every day. The nights are cold (between -10 C to 5C) but the days are sunny and hot (between 10C to 20C). The mornings are usually clear, with clouds building up during the afternoon, disappearing at night. Trekking during the monsoon and winter is not recommended, as the visibility during monsoon is limited, upper parts and high passes could be covered with snow in winter. March, April, October and November are the most favored months. Please choose the date that is convenient for you. 



The itinerary for this Kanchenjunga Base camp trek is a standard itinerary. Depending on the prevailing situation while on trek, you can modify it to some extent after consulting with your guide. However, the date of trek completion should always coincide with the original itinerary. You should keep in mind that this is an adventure trip into the remotest region, where many unforeseen events may contribute to the need for a change in itinerary. In such cases, we or your guide will suggest the best alternative similar to your original.



As vaccination requirements change frequently, we suggest you consult your doctor at least 2 months prior to the beginning of your trip. We recommend protection against malaria, tetanus, typhoid, hepatitis and polio.

The main health consideration in this Kanchenjunga Base camp trekking is Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). You may experience some mild symptoms initially, such as headache, lethargy, nausea and difficulty sleeping, but these should lessen within a few days. To avoid Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), people take pills called ‘Diamox’. You can also use these pills after consulting with your doctor and purchase them in Kathmandu. Our itinerary will allow your body to acclimatize properly and handle the low oxygen rate. If you have ever suffered from altitude sickness, or have a heart or breathing complaint, we highly recommend you to consult your doctor about your suitability for trekking in high altitude areas before booking. We suggest that you take some pain-killing pills with you and enough medicine for cold, diarrhea, nausea and fever. Some nasal ointment and throat-moistening pills will greatly help for those who are sensitive to chilly or freezing weather conditions.



We supply a medical bag with standard medicines prescribed by trekking doctors and a user’s manual. Since our staffs/guides are not qualified for suggesting medications to western clients, we would request you to use the medicines upon your own risk. It is safer and more reliable if you have your own medicine kit and not depend on what we have.



All visitors except the Indian nationals must hold passport and valid visa. Visa can be obtained at the Nepalese diplomatic missions and consulates abroad. You can also get “On Arrival Visa” at entry points. For doing Everest Base Camp Trek, you can come with a 30 days visa which costs US $ 50. You should have a passport size photo to get it at airport upon arrival. Some countries’ nationals need to get visa prior their arrival. Please check http://www.nepalimmigration.gov.np/page/tourist-visa for detailed information.



Our trips are available on both fixed departure and private basis. If you are looking for a group to join this Kanchenjunga trek, please check our ‘Fixed departures’ link for availability, dates and price. If you would like to travel independently, or with your friends, families & colleagues, you are invited to choose any of the trips at your convenient timeframe for any number of people (minimum 1 pax & maximum 20 pax at a time).

If you want to do something that is not included in our trip list, we are ready to tailor your trip to suit your exact requirements. In short, we will make every effort to meet your needs.



We take your safety and security very seriously, and make sure that nothing untoward happen to you. However, if anything serious like sickness or a casualty occurs, we will do everything to transfer you to the nearest hospital. As you are responsible for all the expenses incurred in evacuation, please make sure that it is covered by your insurance before assigning for it.



Before joining this Kanchenjunga trekking, we recommend you take a travel insurance which should cover cancellation, medical expenses, helicopter evacuation and emergency repatriation. Our staff will collect your insurance details before you leave for the trek.



We are among the few companies in Nepal to receive Travelife Certificate Award https://www.travelife.info for our long-term efforts in sustainable practices.

 1. Care for porters and staffs

We ensure that all the porters and other staffs going into high altitude conditions during the Kanchenjunga trek are provided with adequate clothing and equipment. All our porters carry less than 30 kg and underage porters are strictly prohibited in our operations. We run the trek according to the guidelines of the International Porter Protection group (IPPG – www.ippg.net)


2. Environmental Responsibility

Wonderful environment of the Himalayas is also an extremely fragile one. Increasing population density and numbers of trekkers threaten the very beauty of Nepal. At Explore Himalaya, we are extremely conscious about the environment and aim to minimize our impact as much as possible. As deforestation is one of the greatest environmental threats, we do not have campfires and use LPG gas or kerosene for cooking as an alternative fuel to wood. We don’t use plastic bottles. We also discourage trekkers from using wood-fueled hot showers in lodges along the way. Many lodges, however, now provide solar hot showers, a far eco-friendlier alternative.
Garbage disposal is another major problem and some of the busier trails can, at times, appear strewn with litter. Our staff members are well motivated towards eco-friendly practices. Our staff carry garbage bag with them all the time and collect our garbage and other litters they find on trails and dispose them on the designated area. We also volunteer to bring garbage down while returning back. Our aim is to help protect and preserve this beautiful environment for future generations of trekkers to enjoy.


3. Social Responsibility

Explore Himalaya works with the motto ‘Development through Tourism’. Keeping in line with this motto, Explore Himalaya Community Service Project (EHCSP) has been conceived to empower underprivileged, marginalized, poor and minority segments of Nepal. Since its inception, EHCSP has been incessantly facilitating and advocating for school education, health, community development, forest conservation, agro practices and culture preservation. A certain amount of your trip money goes to these projects. For more details on our CSR initiatives, please visit https://www.explorehimalaya.com/csr/

    The Trip Cost Includes
    • Fully Catered Tented Camping trek (FOT)
    • Domestic Airfares: Kathmandu/Bhadrapur/Kathmandu
    • English Speaking local Trekking Guide and assistants as per group size
    • Porters for carrying luggage during the trek (2 members=1 porter,1 porter carries 25kg total)
    • Kanchenjunga Conservation Area Permit
    • 4 nights Hotel accommodation in Kathmandu on twin sharing with breakfast
    • 2 nights Hotel accommodation in Ilam on twin sharing with breakfast
    • Sightseeing tour with English speaking local guide
    • Entrance fees to the sightseeing monuments
    • Airport transfers and tour transfers in private vehicle
    • Insurance for all staff & porters
    • Equipment & clothing all staff & porters
    • First aid kit (bag carried by guide)

    The Trip Cost Excludes
    • Nepal Visa fees
    • International flight and airport taxes
    • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu & Ilam
    • Personal expenses (like, communication, laundry, bar bills, internet, camera/mobile battery recharge, hot water/shower on trek, extra meals, snacks while walking etc.)
    • Personal gears & clothing
    • Tips for guide, porters, drivers, local staff etc.
    • Personal insurance and medical expenses
    • Any expenses incurred in emergency evacuation/rescue due to any unforeseen reasons
    • Any other services other than mentioned under “Price Includes”

Pay Now


Your booking of this Kanchenjunga North- South Base camp trekking will be confirmed by email once we receive your deposit of $500 and the signed copy of booking form and contract. The balance is due no later than two months prior to departure. If you book a tour less than 2 months prior to departure, you must send the full payment within 7 days of confirmation by us.


If you cancel your booking, the following scale of charges will apply: • 2 months before departure – Loss of deposit (US$ 500) • 29 days to 2 months before departure – 30% of total trip cost • 10 to 28 days before departure – 60% of total trip cost • Less than 10 days before departure – 100% of total trip cost


In addition to your Kanchenjunga Base camp trek, we can organize extensions both within Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan etc. You may want to try water rafting or a jungle safari in Nepal or Nepal Cultural Tour. You may as well take a trip to Tibet or Bhutan, whichever seems more appealing to you.


It is fundamental to acknowledge that Kanchenjunga trekking an adventure tour. This requires some flexibility. The day to day itinerary is taken only as a guideline. We cannot be held responsible for any delays caused by International or domestic flights, strikes, Government regulations, weather or natural casualties etc. In such cases, Explore Himalaya shall provide suitable alternatives which will be decided upon mutual agreement. If you have any questions regarding this trip, please feel free to contact us at enquiry@explorehimalaya.com or directly by phone: +977-1-4518100. We answer all enquiries within 24 hours.


Kanchenjunga region is named after the mountain Kanchenjunga, which is also world’s 3rd highest mountain. Kanchenjunga region is the border between Nepal and India. It is located in the remote northeastern corner of Nepal. Kanchenjunga Region features natural and cultural richness. It is very popular for stunning views of various high Himalayas and is popular trekking destinations in Nepal. There are various ethnic groups especially Rai and Limbu inhabiting the region. They follow their own culture, traditions and occupation.



The weather up in the mountainous region is quite challenging and unpredictable. The ideal weather and climate to trek in Kanchenjunga region is during spring and autumn season. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area is the habitat of a lot of endangered species like snow leopard, red panda, Asian black bear, blood pheasant, Assamese macaque, musk deer, etc. The region is also popular for a variety of butterflies and other insects. Rhododendron, orchids, lilies, primula, and around 200 different species of flowering plants are found in the region.



Kanchenjunga Massif
The Kanchenjunga Massif is in the form of a gigantic cross, the arms of which extend north, south, east and west. Mount Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world residing at 8586 meters above sea level. It is the second highest mountain in Nepal after Mount Everest. Kanchenjunga was first climbed on 25 May 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band, who were part of the 1955 British Kanchenjunga expedition. The name Kanchenjunga is derived from four words of Tibetan origin, usually rendered Kang-chen-dzo-nga or Yang-chhen-dzö-nga which means “Five Treasuries of the Great Snow”.
Kanchenjunga Main is the highest elevation of the Brahmaputra River basin, which forms part of the Southeast Asian monsoon regime and is among the globally largest river basins. Kanchenjunga is one of six peaks above 8,000 m (26,000 ft) located in the basin of the Koshi river, which is among the largest tributaries of the Ganges.



Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, established in 1997, is a protected area in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal. It covers 2,035 km2 (786 sq mi) in the Taplejung District and comprises two peaks of Kanchenjunga. In the north it adjoins the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve in Tibet, and in the east the Khangchendzonga National Park in Sikkim. To the west it borders the Sankhuwasabha District. It ranges in altitude from 1,200 m to 8,586 m (3,937 to 28,169 ft). The landscape of the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area comprises cultivated lands, forests, pastures, rivers, high altitude lakes and glaciers. Mammal species include snow leopard, Asian black bear, and red panda. Bird species symbolic of the area include the golden-breasted fulvetta, snow cock, blood pheasant, and red-billed chough.

Pathibhara Temple
Pathibhara temple is one of the most significant temples in Nepal, located on the hill of Taplejung. It is also considered one of the holy places for Hindu people. The pilgrims offer animal sacrifices, gold and silver to please the goddess. From the Pathibhara hill, which is also being developed as a natural lookout tower, the view of the beautiful gorges and the silver-shining mountain range to the north is breathtaking. Pathibhara Temple is also a side route to the Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek.

Taplejung is the third largest district that lies in the eastern region of Nepal. It is a mountainous district near Mt Kanchenjunga. Kanchenjunga Conservation area is extended to Taplejung. Forest, pastures land, rivers and high-altitude lakes, glaciers and different species of animals and plants can be seen in the area. Pathibhara Devi Temple is located in the Taplejung hill and is a sacred shrine Hindus and Limbus. It’s a major attraction of the district.



Lepcha people
Lepcha people are among the indigenous peoples of Sikkim, India and Nepal.  They speak a Tibeto-Burman language which some classify as Himalayan language. Most Lepchas are Buddhist and some of them are Hindus.

Rai are the Kirati ethnolinguistic group of people who are mainly found in the eastern parts of Nepal, some states of India like west Bengal and Sikkim and also in the southern western Bhutan. Rai are one of the dominant tribes of Kirati group. They are nature worshippers and engaged in farming. A significant number is also recruited in Gurkha army. 

Limbu or Yakthung are the Kirati people, native to the eastern Himalayan region of Nepal, and are also found in some parts of India and Bhutan. In Limbu language “Yakthung” interprets as Heroes of hills. They have their own culture and tradition that they follow. Their mother tongue is known as Limbu bhasa.

The Sherpa, originally from Tibet, live at higher elevations. They follow Buddhist traditions similar to Tibetans. Prior to mountaineering and trekking, the main occupation Sherpa were engaged in was trading (butter, meat, rice, sugar, and dye from India; and wool, jewelry, salt, Chinese silk and porcelain from Tibet and beyond). Now the Sherpas are known as the unsung heroes of mountain because of their amazing climbing power. In mountains, climbers and trekkers can rarely imagine doing a Himalayan adventure without their support.



Saga Dawa
One of the most famous and biggest festivals of Buddhist people, Saga Dawa is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor every year. The festival is very sacred for the followers of Mahayana Buddhism who commemorate Lord Buddha’s birth, his attainment of enlightenment and salvation from this corporeal world. For all travelers and cultural aficionados seeking a sneak-peek into vibrant Buddhist culture, Saga Dawa provides a perfect platform offering a visual treat of various religious ceremonies and street processions.

Pang Lhabsol
Pang Lhabsol is celebrated to offer respect and homage to the third highest mountain, Mount Kanchenjunga. Pang means ‘to witness’ and apart from paying homage it also commemorates the treaty of brotherhood among Lepchas and Bhutias.

Futuk festival is celebrated from the fifth day of Kojagrata Purnima of Dashain till the day of Ounsi (Laxmi Puja) of Tihar. In Futuk festival, locals as well as outside guests set up tents near the monastery so that the lama could watch the dance and seek the blessings of the Lord. The festival has historical significance and is celebrated only in Olangchungola, Nepal.

Lhosar” means New Year. Known as the festival of mountain people or highlanders, it is celebrated by various ethnic groups following Buddhism like Sherpa, Hyolmo, Tamang and Gurung. Interestingly, these groups don’t celebrate the festival on the same day. There are three types of Lhosars namely Tamu Lhosar (Gurungs), Sonam Lhosar (Tamangs) and Gyalbu Lhosar (Sherpas and Hyolmos) celebrated on different dates based on lunar calendar starting from January to February. During the festival people offer prayers for good health and prosperity at homes and monasteries. They exchange various goods and gifts, organize feasts and perform dances.



Anuj Pandey

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